Jajpur Tour & Travel Guide

Jajpur - City of Temples



Jajpur District, also referred as Jajapur, a city and district in the East Indian state of Orissa, is the erstwhile capital of the state during the rule of Kesari dynasty, later replaced by Cuttack. The Buddhist heritage site of Ratnagiri has opened enormous opportunities of tourism in Jajpur District. The archaeological museum of Ratnagiri is among the major site museums of Archaeological Survey of India.

Located on the banks of the River Baitarani, the place is popularly known as Biraja Khetra which means 'the place sacred to Goddess Biraja'. The name of the place etymologically is based on Yajna or Yagna as it is believed to be the place where Lord Brahma held Ashwamedha Yajna. Later the King Yajati Keshari conducted 10 Ashwamedha near the bank of the River Baitarani. Due to the effect of the local dialect – the Apabramsa – the name changed to Yajanapura to Jajanapura and to Jajapura or Jajipur later.

This historic pilgrimages site has several shrines including Biraja Temple, Yajna Varaha Temple and Saptamatruka Temple, and many others. The place was once projected to become the abode to Lord Jagannath. It is also believed that the place was once the capital of the empire of the Kalinga Kingdom. Jajpur bears an Ashokan period ancient pillar called the Shubha Stambha.

The nearest airport of Jajpur is Bhubaneshwar located arund 100 km from Ratnagiri. Goddess Biraja Temple is located around 35 km from its closest railway station Jajpur Keonjhar Road (JJKR), also known as Kalinganagar and Byasanagar. The place is also well-connected through roads.

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